I recently got a new computer at work and needed to reinstall Cygwin. Here is my install procedure using the very nice
cyg-apt script. It's like Debian's
apt-get for Cygwin! Note, this install process assumes that I have all my init files backed up and can copy them over to my new machine.
c:\home\sofeng. Note, I tried it with forward slashes, but then it doesn't work in my Windows batch file.
cds to my
ratpoisonwindow manager with a
http_proxy, and other environment variables.
$ wget http://www.lilypond.org/~janneke/software/cyg-apt $ chmod a+xr cyg-apt $ mv cyg-apt ~/bin
~/.cyg-apt, you will need to run
|$ cyg-apt install rsync||Best backup utility|
|$ cyg-apt install screen||Terminal multiplexer|
|$ cyg-apt install xorg-x11-base||X Windows|
|$ cyg-apt install rxvt-unicode-X||Better Xterm|
|$ cyg-apt install diffutils||diff|
|$ cyg-apt install gcc-core||GCC C complier|
|$ cyg-apt install make||GNU make|
|$ cyg-apt install xorg-x11-devel|| X header and library files for compiling |
|$ cyg-apt install readline|| used for |
|$ cyg-apt install cron|| so I can schedule my backups and |
|$ cyg-apt install ssmtp||Sendmail replacement so cron can email me|
|$ cyg-apt install emacs||Terminal version of emacs for quick editing jobs from the shell|
c:/cygwin/binto my Windows path in order to use
grepin Emacs Windows. However, I later found out that this step is not needed. It is generally bad practice to add
c:/cygwin/binto the Windows path. Instead, I added the required code in my .emacs file. See http://cygwin.com/faq/faq-nochunks.html#faq.using.ntemacs for more information.
~/.wgetrc, but now I store it in the
http_proxyenvironment variable. (Note, it is lowercase and not uppercase. I don't know why this is.)
I had to make two edits to cyg-apt to get it to work:
1) root = '/'
2) mirror = 'http://sources-redhat.mirror.redwire.net/cygwin'
My cygwin root os set to '/' and it didn't appear that the http://mirrors.rcn.net/pub/sourceware/cygwin mirror was working.
taking a look back, it seems like i needed to modify the mirror also. sorry for not noting that in the post. the weird thing is that my current version of cyg-apt is much different than the one from the location i posted. i wonder if the cyg-apt script auto updated itself. or did i download a different version and not remember? it turns out there is a much newer version located at http://lilypond.org/cygwin/cyg-apt. The modified date says 02-Jun-2007. I'm not sure why there are two versions on the site.
Be careful not to use cyg-apt to update a package that cyg-apt itself needs. I once ran cyg-apt install bzip2 to bring bzip2 up to the latest version, and was hosed: bzip2 was gone!
Looks like there's also an apt-cyg http://stephenjungels.com/jungels.net/projects/apt-cyg/
cyg-apt is also several current projects on Google Code:
http://code.google.com/p/cyg-apt/ (Mine: emphasis on ease of installation, robustness and features.)
http://code.google.com/p/maphew/wiki/CygApt (Aims include installing Cygwin from scratch.)
http://code.google.com/p/apt-cyg/ (New home of apt-cyg mentioned above: rather than a Python program like cyg-apt, this is a shell script.)
Both cyg-apt projects have strategies to handle packages cyg-apt itself depends on.
Chris, thanks for your update of the other projects out there including your own. It is cool to see these projects being developed for Cygwin.
P.S. I see your cyg-apt project is based off of the one I used by Jan Nieuwenhuizen. That is great you are keeping the project maintained. And, of course, I love that fact that it is in Python.
Not work against the proxy...
i set the http_proxy system variable and set this guy on wgetcr
the error Error in server response, closing control connection.
I'm Eliot and this is my notepad for programming topics such as Python, Django, Ubuntu, Emacs, etc... more »